Climate Protection & Biodiversity: CO2 sequestration in nature areas in Central and Eastern Europe

The EECONET Action Fund (EAF) is working on a Programme for Climate Protection by Retaining and Increasing the Natural Carbon Sequestration, focusing at nature areas in Central and Eastern Europe (C&EE). Our overall objective is to support better integrating of biodiversity policies into the climate change policies, both on the regional and the European scale.

In this frame was implemented the project Carbon Sequestration & Biodiversity. EAF supported implementation of biodiversity objectives that can contribute to emission reduction aims. The project was implemented by EUCC in cooperation with EAF partner NGOs and scientific experts from C&EE. The implementation took place during the period January 2009-May 2010. The project was funded by the SMOM Programme (Subsidieregeling Maatschappelijke Organisaties en Milieu) of the Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment.

The start of this project has been stimulated by the current lack of recognition and not enough knowledge on the role of biodiversity conservation in Europe for saving carbon sinks. When working under the umbrella of EECONET Action Fund (EAF,, the project explores opportunities to link carbon sequestration to biodiversity conservation. The focus is on wetlands and grasslands, as these ecosystems are given the highest priority in the objectives of EAF to contribute to stop biodiversity decline in Europe. The project results demonstrate that EAF supported actions on strategic land purchase and restoration measures for biodiversity conservation contribute for saving carbon sinks. The most important impact of EAF projects is that protection and restoration of small areas can ensure avoidance of degradation and sustainable management of much larger areas. The case studies conducted at Tarkhankut Peninsula (Ukraine) and River Mesta (Bulgaria) for linking of biodiversity with carbon sequestration objectives, can be further used as demonstration projects for the development of a carbon sequestration programme under the umbrella of EAF. The case study at Dragoman marsh (Bulgaria) contributes to increased knowledge on carbon sequestration in post restored fresh water marshes and can be further used also for studies in other wetland areas. For the further development of a Carbon Sequestration Programme, we need to identify projects at areas larger than the EAF sites: for this purpose we should use already achieved results within EAF supported projects for the protection of nature areas or include new threatened areas. When developing and realizing carbon projects at nature conservation areas, knowledge on carbon sequestration needs to be „translated“ into needs of nature conservation. European environmental policies should consider inclusion of carbon funding in biodiversity conservation projects. Restoration and sustainable nature management are both important in order to combine the purposes of biodiversity and carbon sequestration. Therefore, it is substantial that sustainable management and improved management are included in carbon-funded projects.

To download the full project report, please click here.

For further information, please contact: Daniela van Elburg-Velinova


A workshop on CO2 Sequestration & Biodiversity took place in Bratislava on 9 and 10 November 2009. The workshop was organized by EUCC , the Netherlands together with BROZ (Regional Association for Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development), Slovakia - which was the hosting organisation. It was attended by representatives of Euronatur, Germany; Natuurmonumenten, the Netherlands; EUCC – Poland; Balkani Wildlife Society (BWS), Bulgaria; Sofia University, Bulgaria; Romanian Ornithological Society (ROS), Ukrainian Society for Protection of Birds, The Slovakian Ministry of Environment, the Nature Conservancy and other Slovakian institutions and organisations.

Below you can find the presentations given at the workshop.

  1. Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak republic Division of Nature and Landscape - EU Action plan on biological diversity as an example of the background document
  2. EUCC - Carbon Biosequestration
  3. EUCC - Carbon Dioxide Sequestration & Biodiversity Project implemented by EUCC in cooperation with EECONET Action Fund NGO partners
  4. BROZ - Carbon sequestration in conditions of Slovak republic and Danube floodplains
  5. BWS, Sofia University - Dragoman Marsh Bulgaria - Assessment of the daily metabolism, GHG release and Carbon Sequestration
  6. Natuurmonumenten - Carbon storage in peat bog areas in Europe
  7. Mott Macdonald - Carbon Land Use Change Projects - Tool for Steppe Restoration
  8. Euronatur - Climate Protection and Forest Regeneration
  9. EUCC - Funding opportunities for projects on managing carbon in biological systems